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Dual Diagnosis & Co-Occurring Disorders | Overview, Risk Factors, Signs & Treatment

Home » Blog » Dual Diagnosis & Co-Occurring Disorders | Overview, Risk Factors, Signs & Treatment

Dual Diagnosis & Co-Occurring Disorders | Overview, Risk Factors, Signs & Treatment

 During the past decade, a lot of attention was spent studying and exploring the concept of “dual disorders,” or co-occurring disorders. Having co-occurring disorders means having addictive disorders in conjunction with other psychiatric disorders, such as depression, schizophrenia, anxiety, or other mental illnesses and conditions. Because one disorder can mask symptoms of the other, it is difficult to determine which came first and to diagnose. However, both disorders seriously affect the ability of a person to function effectively and responsibly in daily life.

According to the Substance Abuse and Mental Health Services Administration,in 2019, 9.5 million Americans of 18 25 ages were diagnosed with at least one co-occurring disorder alongside a substance use disorder. Unfortunately, among this group, only 7.8% received treatment for both a substance use disorder and mental health disorders simultaneously.

The scientists prove a strong link between substance use disorder and other mental health disorders. Both conditions often overlap. These may include genetics and environmental factors, such as exposure to trauma, making a person more likely to develop these issues. Mental illness can lead to substance abuse as a way of coping with symptoms. This concept is often called “self-medicating.” However, that label may be misleading because while substance use can mask symptoms, it may also at the same time exacerbate symptoms in both the short and long terms. Substance use can cause changes in brain areas disrupted by mental health disorders, increasing the developing signs of a mental disease that affects that brain. The areas of the brain affected by substance use seem to correlate with areas also associated with impulse-control, mood, anxiety disorders, and schizophrenia.

The symptoms of dual disorders include those often found with a drug or alcohol use disorder and those indicative of a specific mental health disorder.

  • Strange, risky behavior, exaggerated expressions of sadness, fear, worry, or anger, bouncing between highs and lows
  • Abrupt personality changes, inability to concentrate and to function in daily life, changes in sex drive, eating and/or sleep problems
  • Socially isolated from the family, friends, and favorite activities
  • Unable to control drug or alcohol use, craving substance
  • Experiencing withdrawal symptoms if a substance is not used, unexplained physical pain
  • Financial/ legal problems.
  • Delusions, paranoia, hallucinations, or talk of suicide.

People with several of these symptoms need help from qualified health professionals. Although treatment of dual diagnosis makes treatment more complex, even in difficult  situations, recovery is possible with the right treatment program.

Dual disorders treatment can be provided at all levels of care, including

  • Detox, which consists of 24/7 medical care. Staff is on-site 24/7, and physicians may prescribe medications as needed to ensure safety as one detox from drugs.
  • Inpatient Care/ Residential Treatment, which tends to involve patients residing at an addiction facility 24/7 for the duration of treatment. Medical and mental health staff are present at all times to provide support, medication, and more while patients learn to manage their co-occurring disorders.
  • Outpatient Care provides patients the opportunity to receive similar services as they did in inpatient care, but less intensive. This level of care allows patients the freedom to attend school or work and participate in regular activities at home while still receiving care for co-occurring disorders.

Hathaway Recovery offers one of the best long-term treatments for those with dual diagnoses.  Our health professionals understand the importance of treating both mental issues and addiction. At our dual diagnosis treatment, we ensure that each patient receives the utmost quality of care tailored to meet their unique, individual needs.

Testimonials

  • After searching many rehabs and after spending so much money to useless facilities we finally found Hathaway . From the bottom of my heart I would like to thank all the staff and all the residents that made my sons recovery easier from beginning to end.

    Gayane A.
  • Hathaway truly saved my life. I am so grateful to have had an opportunity to go there. I came in at absolute rock bottom, 9 rehabs later and countless sober livings. I can tell you that this treatment center is different then every other one I’ve ever been to.

    Justin J.
  • Hathaway Recovery Center is the real deal. They helped me find myself when I was completely lost. After I lost the mother of my child due to a tragic accident. The therapists and counselors truly cared. We made a relationship with each other that was unbreakable. The other clients were awesome roommates and true to me. The house managers were great and the living situations were awesome. If I ever even think about slipping up I’ll be returning. Today I have over one year clean.

    Jimmie R.
  • After running into some trouble with the law, a substance abuse counselor suggested that I check myself into Hathaway Recovery. Hathaway Recovery helped me get my life back together one step at a time. Through discipline, routine, and structure, I can honestly say that this treatment center has helped me tremendously! The staff are very helpful and caring to each person’s needs, and helped me to realize the beauty of living a sober life.

    Josh M.
  • Hathaway Recovery stuff saw potential In me when I couldn’t. They showed me a new way of life, a better life. Coming to Hathaway recovery is the best decision I’ve ever made. I’m beyond grateful for everything the program has done for me!

    Gilberto F.
  • Finally, Hathaway is a Treatment Center that offers a holistic approach to addiction. This center offers a safe place, community and a network to grow with throughout your recovery process. They make you feel that you are NOT alone. The leadership has been in your shoes!!! Hathaway Recovery is more than just a temporary fix, it is a foundation, a movement, a family to be a part of.

    Anthony P.
  • One of the best places I have been too! They really know how to treat you and very professional!

    Ashley A.
  • Hathaway Recovery and their staff have been nothing but supportive and understanding throughout our family member’s journey. I truly appreciate all the staff and their hard work. The communication has been great and has provided us a really positive experience. I would highly recommend this facility to anyone looking for a rehabilitation center for themselves or a loved one. Thank you Hathaway Recovery!

    Lilit H.
  • Hathaway Recovery is a very solid, very friendly place. My boyfriend decided to go here and has spent a significant amount of time at the recovery house. They are very good at bringing clients to meetings and on fun outings occasionally! Hathaway is committed to their clients’ recovery and their sobriety and to helping them in any way possible. They go above and beyond for the clients and I definitely would recommend considering Hathaway for your sobriety/recovery.

    Rena
  • Hathaway is a warm caring treatment oriented environment to receive help from various addictions and behavioral problematic issues. The location itself is serene and safe.. I enjoyed the both staff/professional’s and patient’s… It has many services available, a very unique place… I recommend anyone to come and receive long-term treatment here at Hathaway…

    Mia
  • Hathaway Recovery is a very solid, very friendly place. My boyfriend decided to go here and has spent a significant amount of time at the recovery house. They are very good at bringing clients to meetings and on fun outings occasionally! Hathaway is committed to their clients’ recovery and their sobriety and to helping them in any way possible. They go above and beyond for the clients and I definitely would recommend considering Hathaway for your sobriety/recovery.

    Rena
  • “There was no longer any doubt in my mind that I was in the right place for my drug abuse treatment, “Of all the rehabs I could have chosen, I am glad I picked The Hathaway Recovery Support hope respect and care is what i was offered thanks for everything Hathaway recovery you are the best

    Inga
  • Hathaway Recovery is an awesome place the whole staff has been so helpful they are very professional and very nice Hathaway recovery is a great place to get your addiction treated my brother is doing very well there and we are so glad they were very understanding and willing to help him.

    Lisa
  • A very welcoming environment and kind hearted staff that really took care of my relative and cleaned him up. Thanks Hathaway recovery.

    David
  • When your loved one is sick and needs help you look for the best and I found the best for my son thank you for everything you did for him.

    Makruhi

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